CR 4.0 In Construction
What is CR 4.0?
The Fourth Industrial Revolution which has often been currently mentioned, requires changes to be made within the construction industry that is in tandem with the rapid development in technology and smarter systems. This Revolution marks the emergence of a physical cyber system that will change the furure in construction process. The emphasis on the utilisation of technology plus a need to enhance skills and knowledge is a vital basis in facing these changes. Significant to the situation, the Ministry of Works/ Kementerian Kerja Raya (KKR) through CIDB, and in collaboration with parties with interests in the construction industry are in the midst of developing a Construction Strategy Plan 4.0 (2021 – 2050) to help the construction industry through the changes.
Construction 4.0 Strategic Plan is a 5 year, CIDB short-term plan, which will be the basis for a draft plan framework that will boost the construction industry capabilities in the 4.0 Industry revolution. The strategic plan is being developed in line with the Shared Prosperity Vision 2030/ Wawasan Kemakmuran Bersama (WKB) 2030 and the National 4.0 Industry Policy (Industry4WRD)/ Dasar Industri 4.0 Nasional (Industry4WRD). It also supports and complements other national policies, amongst which are, National IoT Strategic Roadmap/ Pelan Hala Tuju Strategik Internet of Things (IoT) Kebangsaan, Malaysia Smartcity Framework/ Rangka Kerja Bandar Pintar Malaysia and, Digital Economic Policy/ Dasar Ekonomi Digital.
The Implementation of the Construction Strategy Plan 4.0 will be driven by 4 enablers which are as follows:
- Enabler 1- People
- Enabler 2- Integrated technologies
- Enabler 3- Economy
- Enabler 4- Governance
In totality, the four enablers will form the foundation for ascertaining Construction 4.0 transformation is realised, consequently creating a complete eco-system to face the changes. The Construction Strategy Plan 4.0 has also determined 12 main technologies also known as “disruptive technologies” which will change the future of construction landscape, and they are :
- 1. Building Information Modelling (BIM)
- 2. Pre-fabrication and Modular Construction
- 3. Autonomous Construction
- 4. Augmented Reality & Virtualisation
- 5. Cloud and Realtime Collaboration
- 6. 3D Scanning and Photogrammetry
- 7. Big Data & Predictive Analysis
- 8. Internet of Things
- 9. 3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing
- 10.Advanced building materials
- 11. Blockchain
- 12. Artificial Intelligence
Complex and dynamic changes are necessary in the 4.0 Industrial era to be in line with the flow of technological evolution that we will eventually face in the future. The situation calls for efficient governance and excellent cooperation amongst various parties that encompass the government, industry, academias and society. Each plays an important role in ascertaining that continuous efforts are made to transform the construction industry towards competitiveness and consequently, become a contributor towards national economic growth.
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