Kuala Lumpur: A snapshot of how CITP is redefining Malaysian construction industry
This snapshot on the Construction Industry Transformation Programme 2016-2020 (CITP) was shared by Chief Executive of CIDB Malaysia Dato' Ir. Ahmad ‘Asri Abdul Hamid in his opening address at the International Construction Transformation Conference (ICTC) held at Malaysia International Trade and Exhibition Centre (MITEC) on Monday.
In his speech he said Malaysia has taken a step towards this transformation with its transformation roadmap which started in 2016 through CITP.
The ambitious 5-year plan was introduced to transform the Malaysian construction industry into one that is highly productive, sustainable and world-class by 2020.
The CITP is driven by the Ministry of Works through CIDB Malaysia, which collaborates with all stakeholders to address the industry’s issues.
Quality, Safety, Professionalism
- The is the first strategic thrust under CITP. These traits are primary prerequisites towards transforming construction into a highly-developed industry. High accident and fatality rates, limited integration of health and safety aspects in the work culture, poor quality buildings and collapsing infrastructure, and delays in approvals of construction permits were some of the major issues in the industry that affect the general public, businesses, workers and consumers.
- Among the measures taken to address these issues include the introduction of the Quality Assessment System in Construction, or QLASSIC, which assesses contractor workmanship, as well as providing broader quality assurance for construction of buildings. The CITP also recommends the implementation of independent QA and QC assessments, to include assessing all aspects of construction such as materials used, practices and processes, and workmanship.
- The CITP also recommends greater adoption of the Safety and Health Assessment System in Construction (SHASSIC), which assesses the safety and health performance of a contractor in a project. Programmes are also being rolled out to train certified safety officers (SHO and SSS) and third-party OSH inspectors, towards the goal of making it mandatory to have at least one SHO/SSS at each construction worksite.
- CIDB had also introduced the Malaysian Standard Method of Measurement for Civil Engineering Works, or MyCESMM, which standardises categories of works, descriptions, specifications, units of measurement, billing, arrangements and such, for Contract Documents, Bills of Quantities, Schedules of Works and Specifications, and other documents. Adopting MyCESMM eliminates confusion within the industry and saves time and resources for everyone.
- Under this second strategic thrust, Malaysia aims to become a low carbon, sustainable building and infrastructure hub. Efficient waste management will propel Malaysia’s infrastructure to be more resilient and sustainable, while aiding environmental protection and ensuring the people’s living standards are of high quality. This requires compliance to environmentally sustainable practices.
- One of the sustainability tools introduced under the CITP is the Malaysian Carbon Reduction and Environmental Sustainability Tool or MyCREST, a unique rating tool to quantify a built environment’s carbon footprint and environmental impact. MyCREST ratings will enable stakeholders – including property buyers – to have a more holistic view of the built environment’s life cycle and sustainability. MyCREST integrates socio-economic considerations into the built environment and urban development as well.
- CIDB has also developed the INFRASTAR assessment tool, which evaluates the sustainability measures adopted by infrastructure projects, primarily at both design and construction stages. INFRASTAR has been implemented in five pilot projects and will be rolled out nationwide this year to rate all infrastructure projects, including roads, railways, pipelines, plane runways, waterways, treatment plants and network connections.
- The government is proactively pursuing sustainable practices in its public works projects. Sustainability requirements will be implemented in procurement specifications and the Bill of Quantities, in line with sustainability rating tools. To promote private sector take-up, the CITP encourages the disclosure of sustainability certifications and practices for company listing and annual reporting. Banks and financial institutions will also be encouraged to recommend sustainability to their clients as a condition for financing. Training for project managers on the new standards and requirements is also being provided.
- In order to successfully capture these opportunities, the Malaysian construction industry will need to be able to compete at international level. This means they must change in order to keep in step with emerging trends in the world construction industry, including the increasing demand for environmentally-friendly construction, adopting building information systems for efficient building management, and deploying new building systems and materials to enhance the lifespan of structures.
- Internationalisation does not just involve companies seeking new business abroad. With market liberalisation, foreign companies are also increasing their presence in the Malaysian market, bringing with them their technologies and expertise. The local construction industry needs to adapt and respond effectively to this changing environment.
- One of the key factors for successful internationalisation is the consolidation of the various specifications and standards used in Malaysia today, including for quality, material standards, safety, environment, and methodology, among others, in order to reduce discrepancies, uncertainty and fragmentation of the industry. The endgame is to level of the playing field for local players against foreign competition bidding for Malaysian projects.
- A key component to this end is ensuring that Malaysian companies comply to international standards. This entails first establishing world-class Malaysian systems and standards such as QLASSIC, SHASSIC, SCORE, MyCREST, INFRASTAR, MyCESMM, and others.
- We must also ensure compliance to such standards. This is currently being done through engagements with industry stakeholders, close collaboration with identified industry champions, eventually working towards mandating such standards across the industry.
- Productivity is the key to achieving Malaysia's target of becoming a high-income nation, as construction is one of the primary engines of economic growth. Despite being a significant sector, the construction industry is one of the least productive in the economy. This is indicative of the limited adoption of new technologies and practices and the reliance on low skilled workforce. As such, workforce, technology and processes key have been identified as key drivers of productivity in the construction industry.
- The aim is to double the productivity level of the industry, with corresponding increase in wages. To do this within the 5-year time frame of the CITP requires a radical transformation of the construction industry, not just an enhancement of current practices. Technology has to be the main driver of transformation as only through digitalisation and new tools that provide higher efficiency can we achieve the CITP’s targets.
- One of the key factors is mandating the adoption of Industrialised Building System, or IBS, which is the prefabrication of building components. By adopting IBS, the industry can benefit from shorter project completion timelines and enhanced quality of work, resulting in a more cost-efficient construction sector.
- Other great innovations and initiatives coming over the horizon is 3D printed construction and the adoption of Building Information Modelling, or BIM. This is one of the important new technologies, which accurately represents the built environment on computers and for sharing of information. Through BIM, efficient and effective life cycle management of the built environment can take place.
For more information, please visit: www.cidb.gov.my
[March 18, 2019]